The Facts – Opiates

 

Heroin addiction often starts with the use of common prescription pain killers.

Nearly12% of Livingston County 7th graders have taken a prescription drug without a doctor’s prescription within the past 30 days.[i]

70% of people who abuse prescription medication obtain it from a friend or relative. [ii]Source of Pain Relievers Graph 2

In 2012, there were more than 54,271 scripts filled in Livingston County for Schedule 2 Controlled Substances, which includes OxyContin, Adderall, and Codeine.

In 2012, there were more than 71, 667 scripts filled in Livingston County for Schedule 3 Controlled Substances, which includes Vicodin, Tylenol with Codeine, Suboxone, Ketamine, and anabolic steroids such as Depo-Testosterone?[iii]

Primary care doctors were the leading type of prescribers of opioids.

Opioid Prescribers*Volkow ND, et al. Characteristics of opioid prescriptions in 2009. JAMA 2011, 305: 1299-1300

[i] * Michigan Department of Education (2012). Michigan Profile for Healthy Youth Summary Table: Livingston County High School: Alcohol and Other Drugs. Retrieved from: https://mdoe.state.mi.us/MIPHYADMIN/reports/XReport.aspx?r=AlcoholAndOtherDrugs_ct&e=47&c=6&t=HC&v=1

[ii] Percentage from friend or relative is derived before rounding of individual components. Source: SAMHSA, 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (September 2010).

[iii] Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs. http://www.michigan.gov/lara/0,4601,7-154-35299_63294_63303_55478_55484—,00.html